HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE
1 ) Architecture, using its varying phases and complex improvements, must have had a simple origin in the ancient efforts of mankind to provide protection against inclement weather, wild monsters, and man enemies. Sportsman and fishermen in primeval times obviously sought shelter in rock caves, and these were manifestly the earliest form of human homes; tillers in the soil required cover underneath arbors of trees, and from them fashioned huts of wattle and daub; while shepherds, who have followed their particular flocks, could lie down under coverings of skins which usually only had to be raised in posts to form tents. Precisely what is the earliest kind of dwelling developed by man? a. Hut
m. Rock Cave
2 . Funeral mounds were probably prototypes of the Pyramids in Egypt and of the beehive huts in Wales, Cornwall, Ireland, and Ireland in europe. That in New Batiment, Ireland, to some degree resembles the so-called Treasury of Atreus, Mycenae. Pond dwellings, just like those present in Switzerland, Italy, and Ireland in europe, consisted of wood huts developed on heaps in the drinking water for protection against attack. A prehistoric funeral mound is known as a. Hortus
3. Monoliths are sole upright stones, known in Western Italy as " menhirs" such as those in Locmariaker and Carnac in Brittany, the latter of which can be 63 foot. high, 18 ft. in diameter, and weighs 26o tons. Dolmens and Cromlechs often used as interchangeable conditions. Monoliths or perhaps menhirs are prototypes of what Egypt piece?
some. In the Paleolithic Age, these are generally houses erected against 1 wall of the cave. Mount probably consists of a Timber frame with content supports and skin covering up, pinned to the ground by a circle of stones.
c. Bone Huts
d. Clay-based Houses
5. Stonehenge about Salisbury Basic, with its bigger and smaller sized circles and horseshoes of mighty monoliths in neighborhood " Sarsen " natural stone and of smaller sized " international " stones, may have been created by a single megalithic competition at one particular period or by two races in successive times. As to their origin and date conjecture seems endless; the estimated date designated to it by Sir Norman Lockyer is W. C. 1680, but unique pre-Celtic or perhaps Celtic, pre-Druidical or Druidical, or partly both in beginning, its judgment purpose need to surely have been religious. The Stonehenge can be an example of a. Ziggurat
c. Hypaethral Court docket
d. Stone Circle
6. The tumulus which contact form so huge a part of the prehistoric remains to be of equally continents, are interesting towards the architect only as disclosing the representative models of the pyramids of Egypt and the subterranean tombs of MycenГ¦ and other early Ancient greek language centers. What particular commemorative heaps of stone is known from the Scriptures and other ancient writings to have been a custom made of the greatest antiquity?
7. A menhir is a huge natural stone standing vertically in the earth. Such rocks are usually standing in the middle of a field or set up in rows, which demonstrates that they were used in where they are really. The piece of stone caught up in the ground is often a 6th to a 1 / 4 of their overall height. The average height of these stones is 9 meters. In the event that menhirs are erected commonly in rows or striations, how are Cromlechs erected?
a. Small Organizations
c. In Rows
n. In Sectors
8. The term " prehistory" was coined by French college students, referring to enough time before persons recorded history in writing. This can be a longest period in the past of recent man (homo sapiens) that lasted about 400, 500 years. History is certainly not associated with a certain place or time. As a result of lack of created documentation, prehistoric research is depending on remains which tend to be used as facts. What is the first known human being settlement? a. Bone Huts
b. Dirt Huts
d. Rock grotte
9. What Principle sort of construction in which huge stone blocks were assembled with no mortar in basic strength...