Aristotle and the Great Life
Dr . Ari Santas
I. 3 Paths of Excellence
The good life—eudaemonia—for Aristotle, was a function of the fulfilling our distinctively individual function, and fulfilling this with superiority (doing this well). The concept of excellence, pendiente, is what we all today phone virtue. In pursuit of excellence, Aristotle identified 3 kinds of man virtue, or, paths of excellence: personal excellence, perceptive excellence, and interpersonal superiority.
A. Meaning Virtue (Bks. II-IV)
-Moral Virtue, in accordance to Aristotle, involved the concept of character creation. -These positive characteristics, that we give persons praise, are certainly not fixed behavioral traits depending on prohibition, such as the Christian benefits, but perceptions and actions following the Ancient greek tradition of moderation. -These properties of character require a personality to choose a middle ground—a mean--between excess and deficit. -so a courageous person, for instance is one who decides, as a couple of habit, involving the extremes of too much dread and not enough -Notice that any offer virtuous action is therefore context bound, varying with not only the circumstances, but with the abilities and composition of the individual person. -two brave persons could respond in another way, therefore , for the same situation and the same courageous person will act in response differently because the situation varies
B. Perceptive Virtue (Bk. VI)
-Intellectual Virtue, pertaining to Aristotle, is the same as wisdom, which in turn, after all, is definitely excellence in thought. -There are two kinds of intelligence: Theoretical Wisdom—sophia--and Practical Wisdom--phronēsis. -sophia requires formulaic reasoning with makes use of the Principle of noncontradiction (what we identify with mathematical reasoning -phronēsis involves a combination of means-ends reasoning with moral virtue: a skilled reasoner devoid of moral advantage is ingenious, but not wise.
C. Positive Friendship (Bks. XIII-IX)
-Because humans are social...